Editor-in-Chief Ufuk Demirkılıç Frequency Quarterly Abbreviation Turk J Vasc Surg Publisher Turkish National Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Society ISSN 2667-4947 E-ISSN 2667-5080


Turkish Journal of Vascular Surgery 2006 , Vol 15 , Issue 3
THREE YEARS EXPERIENCE IN HIGH RADIOCEPHALIC ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA CREATION: SURGICAL TECHNIQUE, ITS FUNCTIONALITY AND COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO LOCALIZATION
Nezihi KÜÇÜKARSLAN1, Ertuğrul ÖZAL1, İzzet YAVUZ 2, Mustafa KÜRKLÜOĞLU1, Mehmet ARSLAN1, Harun TATAR1
1GATA Askeri Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi, Kalp ve Damar Cerr. ABD., Etlik, Ankara
2GATA Askeri Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi, Nefroloji Kliniği, Etlik, Ankara
Background: The introduction of hemodialiysis has prolonged the lives of patients with chronic renal insufficiency. To maintain them on long-term dialysis, vascular access procedures are required. We have been using high radial arteriovenous fistula (HRAVF) technique since 2001. The high radial surgical technique, technical difficulties, and complications are evaluated. In addition the effect of concurrent disease on patency is also examined.

Methods: We performed 95 HRAVF s between January 2002 and December 2004, in patients with an age range of (21-78) years and 70% were older than 45 years. Mean follow-up time was 32.8 months. All patients were clinically examined by the surgeon to evaluate the venous and arterial system of the upper extremities. The arterial system was examined with modified Allen"s test; the venous system was examined with venous Doppler ultrasonography. The patency was usually assessed either by palpation for thrill, auscultation for a bruit or by using Doppler ultrasonography.

Results: Four HRAVF (4.21%) failed because of spontaneous thrombosis. Two HRAVF s (2.10%) required ligation procedures during follow-up period because of venous hypertension. Haematoma was found in two patients (2.10%). No infections or lymph leakage were seen. In 87 patients (91.57%), HRAVF s matured sufficiently for cannulation and no complications were seen during follow-up period.

Conclusion: The HRAVF provides a safe and useful access for hemodialiysis. The results of HRAVF studies are superior to the other arteriovenous fistula approaches. There is no infection problem. Most of the complications can be treated easily without loosing the fistula. (Turkish J Vasc Surg 2006;15(3):31-36). Keywords : Arteriovenous fistula; high radial artery; hemodialiysis